1
[ adjective ] marked by stubborn resistance to authority

Synonyms

refractory

Examples

"the University suspended the most recalcitrant demonstrators"

Related terms

intractable defiant

2
[ adjective ] marked by stubborn resistance to and defiant of authority or guidance

Synonyms

refractory

Examples

"a recalcitrant teenager" "everything revolves around a refractory individual genius"

Related terms

intractable defiant

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