[ noun ] the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded
"the use of industrial robots created redundancy among workers"
Used in print(Edward E. Kelly, S.J., "Christian Unity in England"...)
While it must be said that these same Protestants have built some new churches during this period , and that religious population_shifts have emptied churches , a principal reason for this phenomenon of redundancy is that fewer Protestants are going_to church .
[ noun ] (rhetoric) repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission
Used in print(Dan McLachlan, Jr., "Communication Networks and...)
This is done for simplicity of commands and to bring the hidden redundancy up to where misunderstanding has almost zero possibility .
[ noun ] repetition of an act needlessly