reference has definitions from the field of writing
1
[ noun ] a remark that calls attention to something or someone

Synonyms

mention

Examples

"she made frequent mention of her promotion" "there was no mention of it" "the speaker made several references to his wife"

Used in print

(The Christian Science Monitor,...)

No reference is made to the possibility of recording other_than popular_music in this manner , and it would not seem to lend itself well to serious_music .

(Max F. Millikan and Donald L. M. Blackmer,...)

Another great danger is that the emerging middle_class will feel itself increasingly alienated from the political_leaders who still justify their dominance by reference to the struggle for independence or the early phase of nationalism .

(E. Lucas Myers, "The Vindication of Dr. Nestor,"...)

There was no reference to the incident on the stairs , his powers being absorbed by this more immediate business .

(Philip Jos‚ Farmer, The Lovers....)

But , from our reading of the Western_Talmud , we Urielites believe that the Forerunner , knowing this situation would arise , made reference to and provision for divorce .

(Evan Esar, Humorous English; a guide to comic ,...)

Indefinite reference also carries double meaning where an allusion to one person or thing seems to refer to another .

2
[ noun ] (writing) a short note acknowledging a source of information or quoting a passage

Examples

"the student's essay failed to list several important citations" "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"

Used in print

(Raymond C. Binder et al., editors, Proceedings...)

This phenomenon has been experimentally investigated in_detail by Maecker ( Ref. 1 ) .

The third method was , to our knowledge , successfully applied for_the_first_time by C._Sheer and co-workers ( Ref. 2 ) .

Thus , direct comparisons can be drawn with free_burning arcs which have been studied in_detail during the past years and decades by numerous investigators ( Ref. 3 ) .

The temperature dependent value of �e was taken from Ref. 7 .

(James A. Ibers et al., "Proton magnetic resonance...)

A drawing of the structure is to be_found in reference 6 .

3
[ noun ] (writing) a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts

Examples

"he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"

Used in print

(Jacob Robbins et al., "The thyroid-stimulating...)

The introduction of the United_States_Pharmacopoeia reference standard in 1952 and the redefinition and equating of the USP and international units of thyroid stimulating activity have made_it possible to compare results published by different investigators since that time .

For_the_most_part , this discussion will be confined to results obtained since the introduction of the reference standard .

The international unit is equipotent with the USP unit adopted in 1952 , which was defined as the amount of activity present in 20 mg of the USP reference substance .

4
[ noun ] an indicator that orients you generally

Examples

"it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"

Used in print

(Harry H. Hull, "The Normal Forces and Their Ther...)

If * * f is the change per unit volume in Gibbs function caused by the shear field at constant P and T , and �r is the density of the fluid , then the total potential_energy of the system above the reference height is * * f .

* * f is the work necessary to fill the manometer column from the reference height to h .

The total volume of the system above the reference height is * * f , and h can be eliminated to obtain an equation for the total potential_energy of the system in_terms_of H .

5
[ noun ] a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability

Examples

"requests for character references are all to often answered evasively"

Used in print

(Evan Esar, Humorous English; a guide to comic ,...)

Replies to requests for character reference are notorious for their evasive double-entendre .

Related terms

recommendation qualify

6
[ noun ] the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to

Examples

"the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"

Used in print

(Joyce O. Hertzler, American Social Institutions;...)

Finally , it gives sanctity , more than human legitimacy , and even , through super empirical reference , transcendent and supernatural importance to some values ; for_example , marriage as a sacrament , much law-breaking as sinful , occasionally the state as a divine instrument .

(Evan Esar, Humorous English; a guide to comic ,...)

In the comedy of indefinite reference , it wit occupies a prominent place because of its frequent occurrence .

Ambiguity arises when the pronoun it carries a twofold reference .

Related terms

meaning denote

7
[ noun ] the act of referring

Synonyms

consultation

Examples

"reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"

Used in print

(Marvin Schiller, "The Sheep's in the Meadow,"...)

My memory has catalogued for easy reference and withdrawal the image of her pink , scented stationery and the unsloped , almost printed configurations of her neat , studious handwriting with which she invited me to recall our summer , so many sentences beginning with `` Remember when '' ; and_others concerning camp friends who resided in her suburban neighborhood , and news of her commencing again her piano_lessons , her private_school , a visit to Boston to see her grandparents and an uncle who was a surgeon returned on furlough , wounded , from the war in Europe .

Related terms

action consult

8
[ verb ] (writing) refer to for illustration or proof

Synonyms

cite quote

Examples

"He said he could quote several instances of this behavior"

9
[ noun ] (writing) a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to

Synonyms

source

Examples

"he carried an armful of references back to his desk" "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"

Related terms

publication source

10
[ noun ] the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to

Examples

"he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"

Related terms

meaning denote

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