[ adverb ] (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
"lasted approximately an hour" "he's about 30 years old" "some forty people came" "weighs around a hundred pounds" "roughly $3,000" "holds 3 gallons, more or less" "20 or so people were there"
Used in print(Newton Stallknecht, "Ideas and Literature," in Newton S...)
An idea , let us say , may be roughly defined as a theme or topic with which our reflection may be concerned .(Ralph B. Long. The Sentence and Its Parts: A...)
In the second sentence if drinking water is a gerundial clause and without drinking water is roughly equivalent in meaning to unless I drink water , there will be stronger stress on water than on drinking ; but if drinking is a gerundial noun modifying water and without drinking_water is equivalent_to without water for drinking , there will be stronger stress on drinking than on water .
[ adverb ] with rough motion as over a rough surface
Used in print(Joseph Chadwick, No Land Is Free....)
They trailed him across the wide hallway to the parlor , four roughly garbed and tough looking men who probably had never before ventured into such a house .